Electric Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) 

  • Powered by an internal combustion engine and an electric motor that stores energy in a battery.

  • Run on gasoline and cannot be plugged in for charging.

  • Use battery power while stopped and at low speeds.

  • Provide extra power to the gasoline engine during high speeds.

  • 30% to 50% more fuel efficient than comparable conventional vehicles; model year 2015 HEVs average 42 mpg.

  • Examples: Toyota Prius, Ford Fusion Hybrid.

Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles (PHEV)

  • Use a battery to power an electric motor in addition to an internal combustion engine.

  • Provide the distance security of a conventional vehicle while taking advantage of electricity’s economic and emissions benefits.

  • Can be plugged in to charge.

  • All electric range is generally 20-40 miles without using the internal combustion engine.

  • Examples: Chevrolet Volt, Ford C-MAX Energi.

All-Electric Vehicles (EV)

  • Powered solely by an electric motor using a battery.

  • Must be plugged in to charge.

  • Recharging ranges from 20 minutes to 20 hours.

  • Range is typically limited to 60 to 120 miles on a full charge, although some models can go 200 to 300 miles.

  • Extremely efficient with no tailpipe emissions.

  • Examples: Tesla Model S, Nissan Leaf.

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