Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV)
- Powered by an internal combustion engine and an electric motor that stores energy in a battery.
- Run on gasoline and cannot be plugged in for charging.
- Use battery power while stopped and at low speeds.
- Provide extra power to the gasoline engine during high speeds.
- 30% to 50% more fuel efficient than comparable conventional vehicles; model year 2015 HEVs average 42 mpg.
- Examples: Toyota Prius, Ford Fusion Hybrid.
Plug-In Hybrid Vehicles (PHEV)
- Use a battery to power an electric motor in addition to an internal combustion engine.
- Provide the distance security of a conventional vehicle while taking advantage of electricity’s economic and emissions benefits.
- Can be plugged in to charge.
- All electric range is generally 20-40 miles without using the internal combustion engine.
- Examples: Chevrolet Volt, Ford C-MAX Energi.
All-Electric Vehicles (EV)
- Powered solely by an electric motor using a battery.
- Must be plugged in to charge.
- Recharging ranges from 20 minutes to 20 hours.
- Range is typically limited to 60 to 120 miles on a full charge, although some models can go 200 to 300 miles.
- Extremely efficient with no tailpipe emissions.
- Examples: Tesla Model S, Nissan Leaf.